Welcome to the International PPE Conference!

Key Notes

Dr. Gudrun Reijnierse

Gudrun Reijnierse is an Assistant Professor at the Centre for Language Studies at Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. She holds a PhD in linguistics from the University of Amsterdam. Gudrun uses a variety of research methods to conduct her research, which is primarily concerned with the use and effects of metaphor as a framing device. Recent research projects include experimental studies on the effects of metaphorical framing on policy preferences, corpus analyses of various types of metaphors across genres, and eye-tracking studies on metaphor processing. Gudrun’s current research projects mainly focus on the role of (metaphorical) framing and authority in science communication. Gudrun also teaches courses on science journalism, rhetoric, and intercultural communication.

Dr. Gudrun Reijnierse on: “Linguistic Aspects of (figurative) Framing”

In this talk, I will provide an introduction to the linguistic aspects of (figurative) framing. I will start with a general overview of the state of the art in framing research, and consider key concepts such as gain and loss frames (e.g., prospect theory), generic versus issue-related frames, and equivalence vs. emphasis frames. The second part of my talk revolves around the topic of figurative framing, and of metaphorical framing in particular. I will argue that metaphors – and especially ‘deliberate metaphors’– may be the ideal framing device because of their ability to highlight certain aspects of reality, and simultaneously hide others. To illustrate this position, I will present a series of case studies in which metaphorical frames play an important role. In line with the general conference theme, these case studies will derive from philosophy of science (e.g., the brain as a computer), politics and policies (e.g., crime as a virus/beast), and economics (e.g., the economy as a living being). In addition, the case studies cover a range of research methods, including experiments and corpus analyses. For each of the case studies, we will analyze how metaphor is used as a means to (re)frame reality in communication between language users. These analyses will then allow us to examine how, and under which circumstances, (metaphorical) framing may (or may not) have an impact on people’s opinions and behavioral intentions.

Dr. Viola Nordsieck

Viola Nordsieck is a philosopher and journalist. She holds a PhD from Humboldt University, writes for several newspapers and magazines and is co-editor of transform, an indie mag based in Berlin and Leipzig. She lives in Berlin where she is currently working on a favourite project: an effort in collective writing with a bunch of brilliant academics, artists and activists sketching possible mergers of cultural and political philosophy. She is also a writer who loves to destroy the mood of poetry slams with not-at-all hilarious short stories, a mother of twins and a teacher in training who uses films, cooking and going on demos to make sure her students are sometimes interested enough to learn.

Dr. Viola Nordsieck on: "Could we care less? Classist framings in today's political language"

Lazy parasites, unwashed masses, the angry mob, left behind by progress, too stupid and badly educated to understand reality: responsible for Brexit and Pegida, plus being a drain on society's economic and moral resources and having too many children! Welcome to the classist point of view so many privileged people have at least a little share in, if only deep in their hearts.

The political framing of our Western democracies works on a basis of economic language – without anyone having to understand anything about economics at all. Political participation is on a regular basis linked to the accumulation of wealth and the ethics of work. At the same time, different forms of work are assigned very
different levels of value, caring and cleaning being absolutely the lowest-valued work of all.

In this talk, we will look at examples explaining the different dimensions of classism according to the political theorist Iris Marion Young and see how we can link those to different aspects of the theories of framing and the production of knowledge.

Dr. Eric Wallis

Dr. Eric Wallis once invited the so called "Identitäre Bewegung" (far-right Identitarian movement) to engage in a conversation after they had crashed one of his talks about right-wing framing. They subsequently fled the situation. He blogs via social media as @Wortgucker about the effects of language in politics. Until 2018 he managed the regional RAA centre for democratic culture against right-wing extremism and right-wing populism in Vorpommern-Greifswald and acted as press officer for Greenpeace. In his PhD he investigated the effectiveness of language and framing in political campaigns (Kampagnensprache). He studied German studies, Communication and Psychology in Greifswald and Göteborg.

Dr. Amanda Machin

Amanda Machin is acting Professor of International Political Studies at the University of Witten/Herdecke in Germany. Her research focuses upon the politics of citizenship, nationalism, environment and embodiment and she is particularly intrigued by the implications of the recent diagnosis of the Anthropocene for models and institutions of democracy. Her books include Against Political Compromise: Sustaining Democratic Debate (Routledge 2017, co-authored with Alexander Ruser) Nations and Democracy: New Theoretical Perspectives (Routledge, 2015) and Negotiating Climate Change: Radical Democracy and the Illusion of Consensus (Zed Books, 2013). A new book coauthored with Nico Stehr Society and Climate: Transitions and Challenges will be published by World Scientific later this year.

Her keynote is entitled: "framing the climate: constant vs. catastrophe".

Prof. Dr. Dirk Sauerland

Dirk Sauerland received his PhD in Economics from the University of Münster and holds the Chair for Institutional Economics and Health Policy at Witten/Herdecke University since 2008. He is programme director of the bachelor programme in Philosophie, Politik und Ökonomik (PPE) in Witten. In addition, he is faculty member of the Business Department at Danube University in Krems/Austria and member of different advisory boards. Dirk Sauerland is co-author of the German standard textbook on Institutional Economics and has published about a hundred papers. His main focus is research is the sustainable design of a healthcare system for an ageing population. He teaches behavioural economics and the PPE Masters programm at Witten/Herdecke University.

In his keynote, he will address wanted and unwanted framing effects in economics.